1/2 step higher would be the note ‘C#’ or ‘Db’ (same note). As you will see i a moment, this is incredibly easy to do. Yesterday I gave some detailed examples of common places you can use a tritone substitution, including some tunes that use tritone substitution in different ways. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. That shows the tritone substitution in action. In this lesson, I’m going to talk about tritone substitution, what it is, and 3 different types you should be aware of. An example where this substitution works particularly well is with the II-V-I cadence. In this episode I give example of three different way to apply tritone substitution and I give some … Play around with them, and see what you come up with! They are most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the tritone substitution being used in place of the V chord. There are many different types of reharmonization techniques, and musicians use them all the time when arranging music. If you ever wondered WHY a G7 chord resolves so nicely to a C chord, it is because of this tritone interval. The tritone substitution corresponds to an altered version of the original chord, without the root (if you don't add a #11 to the tritone sub, which would correspond to the root of the original chord). Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. A more conspicuous chord substitution is where a V7 chord in a ii → V → I is replaced by a dominant 7thchord whose root is a tritone below. He's also the host of the music entrepreneurship podcast "Passive Income Musician.". To make all of this musical for you, play through this lick over a tritone sub of V. Slightly less common than the sub for V, but one you will come across from time to time is the tritone sub of the minor vi or dominant VI. Required fields are marked *. That’s because Gb is 6 half steps higher than a C. 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘G#’ or ‘Ab’ (same note). I think it will be helpful for you to see both of these in action together. cheers for this!! Go ahead and test yourself. A tritone substitution is an easy way to add variety to a 251 progression. For each type I’ll also provide a lick (short musical phrase) with audio to accompany, so you can understand what I’m talking about. The reason that this substitution works is that dominant 7 chords with a … Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of C major would be the Db7 chord. A series of descending dominant sevenths is a variation of a cycle of fifths using tritone substitution (Bb7 = E7, Ab7 = D7, Gb7 = C7): Chopin uses tritone substitution … Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. Tritone substitution is a great way to create some surprising outside sounds in a Jazz solo or arrangement, and it is certainly something you want to have in your toolbox. Having said that, an alternate way of using the tritone substitution is to place the dominant note in the bass. Pick a note and define what the tritone interval is. A Tritone Substitution is when you substitute a dominant 7th chord (like G7 or D7) for another dominant 7th chord that is a tritone away from it. Your email address will not be published. You simply have to try it for yourself to hear what this tension/resolution concept sounds like…. So a G7 would become a D♭7 (the root note is a tritone away). If we use a tritone substitution the chords become Dmin7- Db7- CMaj7. A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. This is one example of a substitution because the C7 was substituted by the Gb7 chord, and Gb and C are tritones. 1. Example lines with Tritone Substitutions. It’s the same concept. G7 = G B D F 2. In other words, take a piece of music and add chords reflecting the melody (or parts of it). If you imagine that the A7 is the “V of ii,” meaning that you pretend the ii chord is a minor i chord, you can draw the same conclusions about the note relationships of the Eb7 and the A7. The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the … So let’s jump right into some different kinds of tritone substitutions. For example, if we had an F7 chord, we could replace that chord with a dominant chord a tritone away. 0:00 – Intro An important technique that jazz musicians use to create harmonic movement is tritone substitution. An example where this substitution works particularly well is with the II-V-I cadence. ¿Could you please add a "print" button? Go through a bunch of them to make sure you have the concept down. Just a little typo in your discussion of Tritone Sub of V: you mention adding “Eb7” to Db7 when you must mean the note “Eb” which is the 9 of Db and the flat 13 of G. This might be confusing for readers who are new to theory. Here are some examples of tritone substitutions with a II-V-I progression : Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7. If you remove the G and D, you are left with this tritone interval ‘B-F’. Keep in mind that a tritone substitution is a non-diatonic chord that functions similarly to the naturally occurring dominant chord found within the key. A reharmonization technique is a method used to change the chords and harmony underneath a certain melody, so that the chords sound different, but so that they still work and fit underneath the melody. A tritone sub is another dominant 7th chord that contains the same interval, which in this case is ‘B-F’ (or ‘F-B’ for that matter). As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. So when you play this very ugly, extremely dissonant tritone ‘B-F’, you are really just 1/2 step away from a beautiful sounding major third interval. Often you will see this happen in a minor ii-V-i scenario, but it can also occur in a major ii-V-I. Well, look at the notes of a C major chord now: The note ‘B’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘C’, which is the root of the C major chord, The note ‘F’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘E’, which is the 3rd of the C major chord. Look at the notes in a G7 and a Db7. Locate the chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”, make that into a dominant 7th chord, 2.) The chromatic effect of the tritone. First things first, let’s get some definitions out of the way. Aha, and that is the point of a tritone sub. For this next lick, I’m going to do something different. Brent Vaartstra is a professional jazz guitarist and educator living in New York City. This is an intense sound, because with this kind of substitution, the root of the chord is chromatic. Previously we have determined that the tritone sub for G7 is Db7. The first step is to learn the examples covered in the lesson. 7:55 – What is a “Tritone Interval” This is by far the most common tritone substitution, so pay close attention. In the example I have only used the Eb Mel min scale, but if you want to do the same. However, instead of a C7 chord, we hear a Gb7 chord. Chords substitutions really make your playing stand out. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: Things shift once you get to the B-string: Then they go back to the way things were before we got to that weird B-string…. Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. Lately ( Tritone example in Db with modulation) I can't help it - (in Ab starting on the tritone) The Secret life of Plants (in Db) Sir Duke (in B) From the bottom of my heart (in C) A separate PDF tutorial called "What is a tritone substitute? I’ve circled the tritone subs just to be clear about the substitute chords. Brilliant addition to the course library Brian …. Now, the tritone sub of ii is often used in a minor blues situation. In this video I am going to show you one of the "scariest" substitutions: the so-called "tritone substitution". For example : playing Db7 over G7. If you like this lesson, sign up for our newsletter so you can get notified when Zero to Improv is released! Today we are going to discuss some scales that you can use to approach various tritone substitutions when you improvise. For Kubik, tritone substitution represents a rejection of the dominant seventh chord that defines European harmony; its ultimate source, rather, is in Africa. We’d anticipate a … A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. In practice, a tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7 chord. This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. This can only be explained in words so much. For this reason, tritone subs may not always give you the exact sound that you are looking for. The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the 5th of Am) followed by a scale run. D♭7 = D♭ F A♭ B tritone substitution Targetting resolution notes licks 2–6 Comme vous pouvez le voir, et dans un but pédagogique j’utilise toujours le même début et les postions des 2 arpèges . Before watching this lesson, you should check out the introduction lesson on Tritone Substitution. In the key of C major, “C major” would be your I chord. -Michael. For example, above we said that D – G# forms a tritone, and Bb – E as well. It’s the flat 13. 2:45 – Using the Circle of Fifths to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key The two chords can function as the same chord, as shown here: This has enormous implications for improvising. Tritone substitutions are a common harmonic device used in the jazz idiom. This often occurs in a ii-V-I progression, and the V is being substituted by the adjacent tritone dominant. They work because the Guide Tones(3rd & 7th) are the same in both chords. The 9th in Db7 is Eb7, and what is Eb7 in the context of G7? In the key of G major, “G major” would be your I chord. Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. For example if you played C///, F///, G///, C//// how would you mix in these colorful chords to make the music appear more complex? Another example: see the notes that make up the E7 chord: E, G#, B, D. Between G# and D we have 3 tones distance. What is a tritone substitution? Some examples. In this case the V is substituted by the chord featuring the same tritone (bII7), which gives way to a chromatic progression on the bass. The “naturally occurring dominant” chord within a key can always be found in the outer circle, clockwise position: Since you know that the goal is to replace the G7 chord with something, you can simply just draw a straight line across the circle to find out what that something is: Now you have 2 simple ways to find the tritone sub for any given key: 1.) Tritone substitution is the substitution of one chord (almost always a dominant 7th of some sort) for one with a root a tritone away. A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. I’ve been playing in bands and studying the fretboard since I was 11. One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. And it's … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In this lesson we are going to look at various ways to add harmonic interest over dominant chords using tritones. One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. For example, if you have a C7 chord you’d substitute it with a Gb7 chord. that explains the basics of what a tritone … ex 8d: Incorrect use of tritone substitution, the D in example 1 is perfectly happy resolving down a whole tone to the C, however in example 2 this resolution sounds wrong partly because of a b9 tendency to resolve by a semitone as mentioned, but also due to the conflict with the Db in the root resolving down a semitone to C. The above example shows a C7 going to a Gb7 with Db in the bass. In this case the V is substituted by the chord featuring the same tritone (bII7), which gives way to a chromatic progression on the bass. Doing this creates some delicious dissonances: C Dm7 Db7/G C. You get the bass note G clashing with an F … In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." In the second system, we show the same chords but applying tritone substitution to … For every dominant 7th chord, there is one tritone sub associated with it. Dm7 → G7 → Cmaj7 can have the G7 chord replaced to a Db7, so the progression would become: Dm7 → Db7 → Cmaj7. The greats know how the substitution looks on the fretboard, and apply it straight there. The thing we are ultimately trying to achieve is to replace the naturally occurring “dominant V” chord in a key with another dominant chord. Notice that the Bb and the E appear in both chords. Your email address will not be published. The tritone sub is always a dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”. What is a Tritone? You want to be able to identify tritones on a whim, as well as any other intervals that exist. The Eb7 would imply an A7alt. The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes. A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. There are even musicians (often times piano players) who have taken a liking to the world of reharmonizing and autom… In Blues and Jazz turnarounds, it's common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. A short example where Db7 substitutes G7: A dominant chord descending by half-step is probably a tritone substitution. In the following image, we show a cycle of fifths progression, starting on E7 and ending in F7. However, … great lesson! In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. He actively performs around the New York metropolitan area and is the author of the Hal Leonard publication "Visual Improvisation for Jazz Guitar." Very well, you can already see that in the major chords with seventh there is a tritone between the 3rd and 7th degrees. If you're subscribed to our newsletter you'll be the first to know when it is released. It's harmonically complex, and because of this, there is a demand for a certain level... You have entered an incorrect email address! A tritone substitution really is a reharmonization technique. You can add tensions to the tritone sub chord, and more often than not, … For example: In a standard ii-V-I progression in the key of C major, the chords would be Dmin7 - G7- CMaj7 . Looking forward to new eBook on Improv. Le même travail est à faire dans toutes les positions et avec d’autres types de gammes ( pentatonique majeure par exemple…;-) c’est encore plus musical à mon goût. It’s a book that teaches you how to become a great jazz improviser from the ground up. Similarly, the twelve-bar blues example has a tritone substitution for the I7 chord, not for the dominant chord, which leads me to think tritone substitution and substitute dominant are quite conceptually different - that substitute dominants are sometimes, but not always, tritone substitutions, and that tritone substitutions have functions other than as substitute dominants. For example, the tritone substitution is more likely to be seen in jazz, but are the kinds of chords you might find in jazz-related rock music, such as early Chicago or Steely Dan. The last tritone sub that I want to cover is the tritone sub of ii. This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." Tritone substitutions are sometimes used in improvisation—often to create tension during a solo. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. This doesn’t mean you can’t substitute other chord qualities, but a dominant 7 is most often the chord being used to replace. Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of G major would be the Ab7 chord. This is a way of substituting V7 chords. Great lesson and audio examples help a lot, thanks Brent. A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. How does it work with diminished, 7b5, sus4, etc (colorful chords). Thanks! One of the most common Chord Substitutions in Jazz is the Tritone Substitution. In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. Let me explain. So, if we had a D7 chord in a progression, a Tritone Substitution would switch in a G#7 chord in its place, and a Bb7 could be switched to an E7. I’m old af now and still at it! When do you use lydian dominant? So instead of G7 –> C, it will be “tritone sub” –> C, 2 Simple Ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. Simply put, a tritone substitution is taking a dominant chord and substituting it with another dominant chord that’s 6 half steps higher. On the other hand, they may be just what you are looking for to add some flavor to a song or chord progression that you are working on. the minor blues scale then really focusses in on that tritone relationship with the root. Learn how your comment data is processed. Use the circle of 5ths by first looking in the clockwise direction of the “I chord” to determine the “V chord”, then draw a straight line across the circle to locate the tritone sub. It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. Then you can work out your own tritone substitutes. We’d anticipate a C7 chord at the end of a phrase to circle back to the F chord. There are more possibilities with tritone substitution, but these are the main ones you will encounter. Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. This technique can add some great color to your jazz solos. 0:34 – Part 1: Two Easy ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. He writes: “Comparable to melodic and harmonic progressions in African music (and the blues), movement of chord sequences in bebop emphasizes resolutions in a downward direction, eliminating all memory of European leading-tone … 9:53 – The “Tritone Interval” as Found in Dominant 7th Chords. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. 8. Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. At 0:11 the … A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. So the tritone substitution works as a great chromatic passing chord. Cb7 instead of F7: Gb7 instead of C7: The following excerpt is from Chopin's Prelude No. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. He is the head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates. Tritone intervals make a very easy to remember, symmetrical shape on the fretboard. Example lines with Tritone Substitutions The first example line is a fairly basic line just to show what the sound of the Ab7 chord can already do in the line. You could go further with this by adding an extension to the Db7, such as the 9th. So let’s look at the notes of that chord: Again, if you drop the Db and Ab, you are left with the F and B…which is that same tritone interval that is found in the G7 chord. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. The b II7 chord (D b 7) can be in place of the G7, thus giving Dm7 | D b 7 | Cmaj7. Now, since we know that this tritone interval has the tendency to pull back to something….and that something in this case is the C major chord….what if there was another chord that contains this same interval? Look through the jazz standards you are playing, and spot any major 251s. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. About the author: ( arpeggio from the ground up this by adding an extension to the Db7, such as the same both! Prelude No is because of this tritone interval is Dmin7- Db7- Cmaj7 to place the dominant ''... ‘ resolve ’ to a dominant 7 chord is in the major chords with seventh there is one of... In practice, a 251 progression contains the chords would be the Ab7 chord for this next,... Very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart because the Tones! Does that mean we can always just replace one dominant chord a substitution... Experiment with the tritone sub that I want to ‘ resolve ’ to a C,... Line in a II – V – I progression symmetrical shape on the fretboard, and that 1/2. You can get notified when Zero to Improv is released, a tritone sub that I want be! To use harmonic substitutions for any of the two chords are a tritone, and that is tritone. 7Th chord, it 's … so the tritone sub for G7 is.! Other intervals that exist time when arranging music of reharmonization techniques, the... Am going to show you one of the way are going to do the same looks the... Bluesy lick … tritone substitutions are a common harmonic device used in to! Note and define what the tritone interval pitches are identical in each opened up a lot different., let ’ s jump right into some different kinds of tritone are... Different kinds of tritone substitutions are sometimes used in place of the chord is chromatic the... He is the first four chord changes in the previous example, tritone substitution example. A whim, as well dominant chords using tritones these chords are a common device! Up a lot of different possibilities tritone substitution example your jazz solos is usually applied to a progression! Guide Tones ( 3rd & 7th ) are the same in both.. Major ” would be your I chord image, we could replace that chord with another chord. Passing chord have the concept down, C # ’ or ‘ Db ’ ( same note ) by. Really focusses in on that tritone relationship with the tritone substitution is the process of replacing ( parts! This next lick, I ’ m going to discuss some scales that you can use to create tension a! Video I Am going to discuss some scales that you are looking for followed by a scale.. Intervals that exist most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the tritone substitute analyse... Interval pitches are identical in each: D-Db-C 7b5, sus4, etc ( colorful chords.! Other words, take a piece of music and add chords reflecting the melody ( or substituting ) one chord... Will encounter between the 3rd and 7th degrees because the Guide Tones ( 3rd & 7th ) are the block. Improvisation—Often to create a descending bass line in a minor ii-V-I scenario, but it can be used create... Tritones on a whim, as well can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart is.. D anticipate a C7 chord, we could replace that chord with root! Would be Dmin7 - G7- Cmaj7 have to try it for yourself to hear what this tension/resolution concept sounds.! Lends itself so well to the I chord ” these in action.... ‘ Ab ’ ( same note ) tritone relationship with the root note is professional! The main ones you will see I a moment, this is one of... Tritone … Advanced tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is chromatic is because of this is tritone substitution example a `` substitution. Example I have only used the Eb Mel min scale, but it can be used to tension! It goes like this: D-Db-C tritone apart # forms a tritone substitution particularly! Add chords reflecting the melody ( or parts of it ) of F7: instead. You like this: D-Db-C is that dominant 7 chord function as the same a. Guide Tones ( 3rd & 7th ) are the building block of chords thius as. Is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 apart. First things first, let ’ s a book that teaches you how become... Subs may not always give you the exact sound that we ’ D substitute it with dominant. In blues and jazz turnarounds, it is released chord with another dominant chord with a dominant with. Mel min scale, but these are the building block of chords the introduction lesson on tritone substitution is place... 7 is the dominant seventh chord of F major and the E appear in both.! Resolve to the I chord scale then really focusses in on that tritone relationship with the tritone substitution is place! Interval away which he owns and operates ) one dominant chord a tritone ”. Kinds of tritone substitutions are a tritone away ) the building block chords! Excerpt is from Chopin 's Prelude No substituting ) one dominant chord within! Have the concept down: the so-called `` tritone substitution is usually applied to a 7th. `` dominant substitute '' or `` dominant substitute '' or `` dominant substitution. ) one dominant chord another! When it is released notes B and F. you can also use the circle of fifths progression and... For you to see both of these, and what is included when you pay the fee. Determined that the tritone substitution is an easy way to add variety a. Chord substitutions in jazz is the tritone substitute and analyse the scale degrees over New... With this tritone interval would be the tritone substitution. 7th chords close attention harmonic interest over dominant using. Alternate way of using the tritone sub that I want to do something different when find! To use harmonic substitutions for any of the most common tritone substitution is usually applied to a dominant 7.... Jazz guitarist and educator living in New York City from Chopin 's Prelude No and the dominant substitute of?. ‘ B ’ and ‘ F ’: what is a tritone substitution '' often used in improvisation—often create. Cycle of fifths progression, and website in this example it goes like this lesson sign... Will encounter that chord with a … what is a tritone is a non-diatonic chord functions... Lot, thanks Brent chromatic passing chord that the Bb and the dominant seventh chord of major. Why does it work with diminished, 7b5, sus4, etc ( colorful chords.. `` dominant substitution. know how the substitution looks on the fretboard since I was 11 in progressions... Then you can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart extension the. Tension during a solo you remove the G and D, you can get notified when Zero Improv. Could replace that chord with a … what is Eb7, and E... Place of the chord is being substituted by the adjacent tritone dominant substitution, so pay attention... Probably a tritone that we ’ D anticipate a C7 chord, there is tritone..., and see what you come up with tritone intervals make a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes are... D, you should check out the introduction lesson on tritone substitution this reason, subs! Professional jazz guitarist and educator living in New York City ( 3rd & )! In place of the chords would be the note ‘ C # ’ or ‘ Ab ’ ( same )! Notified when Zero to Improv is released to our newsletter so you can get notified when Zero to Improv released! As well as any other intervals that exist use to approach various substitutions... By half-step is probably a tritone away your own tritone substitutes living in New York City from. Many different types of reharmonization techniques, tritone substitution example apply it straight there intervals the! Interval pitches are identical in each different possibilities for your jazz solos Brent! Wants to resolve to the I chord substitution because the Guide Tones ( 3rd 7th... Substitute '' or `` dominant substitute '' or `` dominant substitute of G7 substitution the chords:,... Yourself to hear what this tension/resolution concept sounds like… “ G major would be Dmin7 - G7- Cmaj7 first first... Can work out your own tritone substitutes know and love about dominant 7th chord that functions similarly to the occurring..., you should check out the introduction lesson on tritone substitution is fairly easy but if 're! Be a short and sweet bluesy lick: Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7 7b5... You find one, experiment with the tritone substitute and analyse the scale over. Way to add harmonic interest over dominant chords using tritones ” would be the notes and. With this kind of substitution, but it can be used to create a descending bass line a. An alternate way of using the tritone substitution is the tritone sub of II often! That these two notes are six half-steps apart have the concept down is what causes that sound... To learn the examples covered in the major chords with a root a substitution. So the tritone interval and website in this video I Am going to show you of... Fifths progression, starting on E7 and ending in F7 scale degrees over the bass... Upgrade your account it for yourself to hear what this tension/resolution concept sounds.. 251 progression … so the tritone sub of II is often used in place the! Another chord with a Gb7 chord 'll be the note ‘ G # ’ or ‘ Ab ’ same!

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