For example, by the path-goal theory of leadership, leaders must choose between telling people what to do, supporting people through their work, consulting with followers before making a decision or setting challenging goals and allowing employees the … Leadership is a multifaceted subject, and a combination of various factors determine why some people are successful leaders. The ‘Great Man’ theory and ‘trait’ theory suggests that leaders have leadership traits by birth. Individualized consideration means your ability to increase the growth of the group. Some examples of leaders, which are born in India are Mahatma Gandhi, Amitabh Bachchan, Kiran Bedi, Sachin Tendulkar, Saina Nehwal, etc. Dr. Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard developed the Situational Theory of leadership. For example, being virtuous or dishonest to your group is an option. Read more: Laissez-Faire Leadership: Definition, Tips and Examples. Through teaching and observation, you can train yourself to behave as a leader. There have been various leaders who have implemented various strategies depending on requirements and team strategies. What are the other situations in which you can apply contingency theory? Your success as a leader, according to this theory, lies in finding out the leadership style and situation in which you would flourish. In other words, the path-goal theory of leadership was developed to explain how the behavior of a leader influences the satisfaction and performance of subordinates. of leadership’. For example, the absurd suggestion that servant leadership requires consensus decision making -- a process that is known to be irrational and suboptimal. The theory is based on the premise that each of us has one and only one leadership style which can be scored on the Least Preferred Co-worker (LPC) scale. Increasing Engagement of Front line Employees, http://www.npr.org/2013/08/10/210686255/a-sense-of-power-can-do-a-number-on-your-brain, Leadership and The Power of Perspective | Advanced Vectors, The 12 Week Year: Get More Done in 12 Weeks Than Others Do in 12 Months. Let’s imagine a production company facing potential lock-down within the week – due to COVID-19. Thanks for this very informative article. Privacy Policy. What exactly makes a great leader? Well, it’s true that with this leadership style, the relationship between you and your group is transitory, with no emotional bond. His passion for writing drew him to the world of freelance writing after a decade of experience in the corporate world. Thus, the theory concentrates on leadership and not the leader, i.e. He has set up strong digital channels for facilitating communication within the company. However, Herbert Spencer, a noted philosopher, was not in favor of this theory. For instance, if you are a leader in a war or an emergency room of a hospital, you need to adapt to telling (authoritative) style of leadership. Leadership is the potential to influence the behavior of others. The implementation of new policies becomes easier with this method as decisions arrive with consensus. What researchers found, however, was that there were relatively few traits that could be used to distinguish between leaders and followers. You need to be patient while applying the behavioral theory. Choose whatever you completed most recently. Also, situational factors, like social and economic inequities that impact your ability to lead, are not taken into account. Leadership communication objectives are set for the organization or the unit as well as for specific individuals. Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru were all great leaders but their personalities had distinctly different characteristics. to create a broader understanding of the different perspectives on leadership. Michigan Leadership Studies is a behavioral Leadership theory that indicates the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan conducted empirical studies to identify styles of leader behavior that results in higher performance and satisfaction of a group. 1) In a 400 word essay, address the following: a) Discuss the characteristics of servant leadership and how Greenleaf’s perspective on servant leadership compares to authentic, ethical, and FRLT. Leaders bring about major changes, and inspire followers to put in extraordinary levels of effort. In the second part of the Chapter, some of the well-known leadership theories will be reviewed in order to provide the reader with a broad perspective on the concept of leadership and how it has evolved over the last few decades. According to the theory, you should follow four primary leadership styles as per the readiness level of your subordinates: Telling (Autocratic approach): You can adapt this style for the ‘Readiness 1 level’ of subordinates; these people lack the ability as well as the willingness to do the job. According to House, you should be flexible in your approach rather than adopting a single style of leadership. By Brian P. Moran and Michael Lennington The promise of this book is powerful. What are the qualities that you wish to acquire as a leader? For nearly 25 years, the multiple editions of Hackman and Johnsons outstanding work have been the backbone of leadership courses at hundreds of colleges and universities. Wherever objectives are specified for a group of people working together towards a common goal, a … You need to fall under only a set of leadership styles to apply this theory. Leadership Perspectives What you see is what you get! 6. For behavioral theorists, a leader behavior is the best predictor of his leadership influences and as a result, is the best determinant of his or her leadership success. This was the core of the original idea behind what made an effective leader. Consideration behavior: You are concerned about subordinates and establish a warm and friendly work environment like you allow flexible working hours to your employees or set up daycare for infants in your organization. High task structure implies that you are directing a well-defined job, and a strong position power would mean you have a position of high authority. It describes leader behavior in two dimensions, as explained in the figure below: Initiating Structure behavior: You define what is expected of group members, set up formal lines of communication, and determine how subordinates will perform tasks. Introduction. Many different leadership styles have been researched in the last 80 years, and even though quite a number of styles have been identified, it was groundbreaking research from psychologist, Kurt Lewin (1939), that identified three major leadership styles as: authoritarian, democratic, and delegative leadership. The Great Man theory assumes that the traits of leadership are intrinsic. The great man theory is one of the earliest ways to look at leadership. The theory focuses on encouraging leaders to adapt leadership styles to each team member’s unique needs. According to the theory, you need to build the trust of your subordinates by building quality relationships with them. The great man theory is one of the earliest ways to look at leadership. While … From a Type I perspective, for example, leadership is viewed as a trait or characteristic likely to be possessed by the effective leader found in any group or organizational context. Mahatma Gandhi gave the Indian freedom movement a sense of direction and purpose. Leadership is an activity of guiding and directing people to work together in achieving the objectives. Also, note that intrinsic qualities are a matter of choice and not chance. Leadership From A Christian Perspective Essay Sample. Any time you go above and beyond what your basic job requires and solve a problem or take the lead on something without being asked is great leadership. Offering support and coaching to less experienced colleagues is also an example of leadership. Leadership. As a leader, it’s likely that a can-do, never-give-up attitude helped drive your success. He challenged his employees and made them create things that the world had never seen before. Example 1 For example, an infant is learning to walk. The management perspective is useful in making daily decisions and setting business strategy. After its proposal in the mid-1800s by Thomas Carlyle, trait theory (or the “great man” theory) of leadership served as one of the most widespread ideas on what makes a great leader. Leadership is an integral component of the human experience and of practical importance to all. As per the theory, task-oriented leaders perform well in situations that are very favorable or unfavorable, and relationship-oriented leaders perform well in situations that are intermediate in favorableness, as shown in the following figure: Hence, as per the Contingency theory, the best way to approach your new job as a store manager is to use a relationship-oriented style. 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